Everybody’s food preferences differ. While some devour a non-vegetarian diet, others cherish a vegetarian diet. There’s no third option, is there? Well, there is – Veganism. For some people, veganism may not be the third option because veganism and vegetarianism are the same. But let’s burst the bubble. They are not the same. 

Even though they are used interchangeably, they are two different food choices that have often been confused. 

So, let’s offer more clarity and distinguish between the two concepts here. 

What is vegetarianism? 

Being a vegetarian means you don’t eat meat – whether it is chicken, fish, mutton or pork. Instead, these diets include plant-based products such as fruits and vegetables, legumes and animal products such as milk, cheese and paneer. 

What is veganism? 

Being a vegan means you neither eat meat nor animal products such as milk or eggs. Veganism is the strictest form of vegetarianism that boycotts any animal-based product. The diet usually includes consuming plant-based products. 

Apart from eggs and dairy products, there are other products that are derived from animals. These include: 

  • Honey 
  • Whey
  • Royal jelly
  • Shellac 

The stark difference and similarity 

The stark difference between veganism and vegetarianism is that veganism does not involve the consumption of animal products such as milk and eggs. A vegetarian diet on the other hand is inclusive of the two. The similarity between them is that they involve the consumption of plant-based products. 

What should you choose? 

The Challenges

Both veganism and vegetarianism offer potential health benefits, such as reduced risk of chronic diseases and lower environmental impacts. However, the extent of these benefits and the potential nutritional challenges vary between the two diets.

Vegan Diet:

Vegans need to pay close attention to certain nutrients, including vitamin B12, iron, calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, and protein. These can be obtained through careful food choices and supplementation.

Vegetarian Diet:

Similar to vegans, vegetarians should also monitor their intake of nutrients like iron and vitamin B12, as these may be lacking in a dairy and egg-based diet, depending on individual choices.

Practical Implications:

The practical aspects of adopting a vegan or vegetarian lifestyle can significantly impact one’s ability to stick to their chosen diet. It’s essential to consider factors like accessibility, cultural influences, and personal preferences.


Dining Out:

Finding vegan options when dining out can sometimes be challenging, especially in areas with limited vegan-friendly restaurants.

Social Considerations:

Vegans may face social pressures or awkward situations when dining with friends and family who do not share their dietary choices.

Ethical Commitment:

Vegans often emphasise their ethical stance, which may guide their choices even in challenging situations.


Wider Food Choices:

Vegetarians enjoy a broader range of food options, making it easier to find suitable meals at restaurants and family gatherings.

Social Flexibility:

Vegetarians may experience fewer social pressures compared to vegans, as their dietary choices are perceived as less restrictive.

Finding What’s Right for You:

Choosing between veganism and vegetarianism is a deeply personal decision. Here are some factors to consider when determining which path aligns best with your values, preferences, and health goals:



If animal welfare is your primary concern and you’re willing to commit to a more stringent ethical stance, veganism may be the right choice for you.


If you want to reduce your contribution to animal suffering but prefer a more flexible approach, vegetarianism may be a better fit.

2. Nutritional Considerations:


 If you’re willing to pay closer attention to your nutrient intake and ensure you get essential nutrients through plant-based sources and supplements, a vegan diet could be suitable.


If you want a more balanced approach that includes dairy and eggs, which can simplify nutrient intake, vegetarianism may be a better option.

3. Practical Considerations:


Consider your location, dining habits, and social circle. If you’re ready to navigate potential challenges and have access to vegan-friendly options, veganism might be practical for you.


If you value a wider range of food choices and desire a diet that’s easier to maintain in various situations, vegetarianism might be more practical.

Closing thoughts 

In the ongoing debate of veganism vs. vegetarianism, it’s crucial to recognise that both dietary choices are commendable for their commitment to reducing harm to animals and minimising environmental impact. Your decision should align with your values, dietary preferences, and practical considerations. Whether you choose the strict path of veganism or the more flexible route of vegetarianism, the key is to make informed choices, maintain a balanced diet, and find a sustainable and compassionate way of eating that suits your unique lifestyle and beliefs. Ultimately, the power lies with you to make a positive impact on your health, the environment, and the welfare of animals through your dietary choices.

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